Fort Alexander – St. Petersburg defender.
At one time, the northern capital of Russia was protected by a whole string of forts across the nearby Gulf of Finland. Most of these fortifications were built on the island of Kotlin and around.
The island is located in the narrow neck of the Strait, about 30 kilometers from St. Petersburg.Fortifications began to appear here after the city’s founding and the beginning of the Great Northern War in the first half of XVIII-th century. Over the next two centuries, the Russian Empire continued to strengthen the defense.
The number exceeded four dozen forts. About half of them were built on artificial islands. One of the most famous, Fort Alexander, was created on the orders of Nicholas I, in honor of his brother. The construction took about seven years. By 1845, the ninth year the building was put into operation.
The area on an artificial island can accommodate up to a thousand soldiers. Besides 103 cannons “windows” there is space for 34 cannons on the upper tier. At the end of the XIX-th century, the fort was turned into a laboratory for the study of deadly diseases. With the arrival of Soviet power, the fort became a repository until it was finally abandoned in 1983. Then all sorts of parties held here. And today, it’s just an attractive tourist destination.