Love, immortalized in marble: in whose honor was built the Taj Mahal, and why he may soon disappear

Taj Mahal is called the monument of eternal love and fidelity, one of the most magnificent structures in the world and the main architectural attraction of India. The mausoleum was built in the XVII century. padishah Mughal Emperor Jahan in memory of his dead wife. Taj Mahal survived their creators for 4 centuries, but in the near future, it may disappear from the face of the earth.



Shah Jahan and his beloved wife – Mumtaz Mahal

According to legend, Jahan met his future wife while still heir to the throne, at the age of 15. He walked along the eastern bazaar, met 14-year-old Ardzhumanad Banu Begum – daughter of the first vizier, and fell in love at first sight. According to ancient custom, wedding date can be granted only in accordance with the astrological predictions. Star indicated May 10, 1612, as the most auspicious day for a happy marriage – then and held a celebration at 5 years after their first meeting.


One of the new seven wonders of the world


Name Mumtaz Mahal girl’s father gave Jahan, Jahangir Sultan, on the wedding day. In the Russian language, the name is translated as “ornament of the palace”, or “the pearl of the palace.” Although Jahan had several wives and a harem with many concubines, Mumtaz Mahal was the beloved wife for him, and a loyal friend. She accompanied him in all military campaigns and over 19 years of marriage bore him 14 children. Recent generations have been very complicated, long exhausted trek woman could not move them, and a few days later died.


The most famous architectural landmark of India – Taj Mahal


Shah Jahan is very upset by the death of his wife. About a year he spent in solitude. During this year, he turned gray and very old. For two years in the country lasted mourning – have been canceled all celebrations, dancing, and the music was banned. In memory of the beloved ruler decided to erect a monument, which would correspond to the beauty of the dead. Construction began in 1632, the central mausoleum was completed in 1648, and the entire complex with a park and fountains – in 1653. Unfortunately, history has not preserved the name of the person who engaged in the structure plan. At that time, the honor of the construction of buildings attributed to the customer, not the architect. Presumably, over the construction of the Taj Mahal has a team of architects.


Taj Mahal


More than 20 years about 20 thousand workers worked on the realization of design Jahan. The place of construction of the mausoleum Agra city was chosen, 250 km from Delhi. Since the construction was carried out on the coast of the river Yamuna, there were some difficulties in laying the foundation associated with soil instability. Then for the first time, we used a unique technology: there were dug wells that fill with gravel for drainage and foundation support.


The interior of the tomb


According to historians, it was one of the most expensive buildings in the world – at that time it cost padishah 32 million rupees, which at the moment is equivalent to several billion euros. The walls are lined with the purest marble mausoleum, delivered from the quarry, located 300 km, and are decorated with mosaics of precious and semi-precious stones. the tomb doors were silver, was inside the parapet of gold, and lay the fabric, embroidered with pearls on the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal. Later, the mausoleum was looted and stolen jewels and tapestries.


Shah Jahan and his beloved wife – Mumtaz Mahal


In 1658 the sultan deposed by his son, sharpened Jahan in the tower, from whose windows could be seen the Taj Mahal. There he spent the last 8 years of his life. He was buried next to his beloved wife, in the same tomb.


One of the new seven wonders of the world


In 1983, the Taj Mahal made in the UNESCO World Heritage list in 2007 was – in the list of the new seven wonders of the world, but soon it may disappear from the face of the earth. Over the past century, the mausoleum was badly damaged as a result of environmental contamination. Due to industrial emissions marble began to turn yellow, and it has to be cleaned annually. Yamuna River in India is rapidly drying so that the soil beneath the burial place of sags. Under the dome of the mausoleum and the walls were cracked. If swallowing and soil erosion will continue – the construction will collapse.


One of the most beautiful monuments of love and fidelity


The Taj Mahal.

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