Known as the “queen of the tropical fruits”, Mangosteen is a beautiful exotic fruit of the tree genus Garcinia. The fragrant, edible flesh of the mangosteen can be described as sweet, tangy, citrusy and peachy. The fruit has been described as delicious, aromatic, and sweet. But, that is not all! Mangosteen has a high nutritional value and it provides plenty of health benefits. Keep reading and find out more why this fruit is said to be the most powerful one, having the ability to inhibit the growth of cancer cells.
Mangosteen has no cholesterol or saturated fats and is low in calories. It is packed with dietary fiber, vitamins A and C, and B-complex vitamins such as folate, riboflavin, thiamine, pantothenic acid, pyridoxine, and niacin. It is also an excellent source of minerals like iron, magnesium, manganese, copper, zinc, calcium, and phosphorus. Mangosteen contains phytonutrients like carotene-A, carotene-beta, and cryptoxanthin-beta.
Health Benefits of Mangosteen
Acne: Mangosteen possesses potent antibacterial and antimicrobial properties and it is very beneficial for healing the gut, thus treating various skin problems, including acne, oily skin, dry skin, and skin blemishes.
Anti-Inflammatory: Due to its anti-inflammatory properties, mangosteen is very effective for people who are suffering from sciatic pains which can’t be treated with pharmaceutical treatment. Mangosteen has COX-2 inhibitor effects, so consuming a few mangosteens a day can relieve the pain.
Antioxidants: Mangosteen is packed with naturally occurring polyphenol compounds called xanthones, which are known for their powerful anti-inflammatory properties. Xanthones are extremely effective against various cardiovascular diseases. They can prevent physical and mental deterioration, slow the aging process, heal cells damaged by free radicals, and ward off degenerative diseases.
Blood flow: Mangosteen has the ability to promote red blood cells and prevent anemia. It can improve blood flow, which in turn protects against high cholesterol, heart congestion, severe chest pains, and atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries).
Blood Pressure: Being an excellent source of minerals like magnesium, manganese, and copper, mangosteen provides protection against coronary heart diseases and strokes. It controls the heart rate and blood pressure, and it is a vital component of cell and body fluids.
Cancer: As we said before, mangosteen has a high content of antioxidants that can prevent cancer. They can protect our body from free radicals responsible for oxidative stress that can lead to chronic medical conditions.
Cataracts: Mangosteen can prevent cataracts and improve vision due to its high content of antioxidants and its ability to increase blood flow to the eye.
Cold and flu symptoms: Mangosteen is an excellent source of vitamin C, which is known as a potent water soluble antioxidant. It can prevent flu, infections, and free radicals.
Menstruation: Consuming this fruit few days before menstruation can reduce premenstrual symptoms like hypertension, mood swings, and dizziness.
Tuberculosis: Due to its potent antibacterial and antifungal properties, mangosteen can heal the gut and immune system. It is significantly beneficial for those who have a weak immune system. It has an inhibitory effect against harmful bacteria, which means that it is effective for individuals suffering from tuberculosis.
Weight loss: Mangosteen skin contains xanthones that can aid weight loss and prevent weight gain. In addition, it can effectively burn the excess fat.
Mangosteen and its cancer-fighting properties
Many recent studies showed that mangosteen contains at least 20 xanthones that have cancer-preventive properties. According to a study conducted by the Department of Pharmacy Practice at the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy, mangosteen can effectively slow the growth of prostate cancer cells and tumors. Another study published in The International Journal of Oncology showed that mangosteen induced programmed cell death of cancer cells.
This polyphenol can be used as a food supplement and potential therapeutic compound for treating breast cancer. A 2016 study examined the anti-skin cancer properties of mangosteen on human squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma. It was discovered that mangosteen has powerful anti-skin cancer effects on both skin cancer cell lines.
Mangosteen skin contains Xanthones that have potential as anti-cancer drugs and can act as natural chemopreventive agents. Mangosteen possesses plenty of pharmacologic properties, including anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, antitumor, antioxidant, and antiallergic.
Always look for mangosteen that has skin in dark reddish color. Those that are blue-black are not ripe. Also, it is very important to avoid fruits that have blotched and dry skin. Mangosteen often attracts ants, so be very careful when buying them directly from the farmers. You can consume fresh mangosteens alone or with other tropical fruits like watermelon, grapes, pineapples, papaya, and durian. Mangosteen cannot be juiced because of the seeds.
Because of its anticoagulant properties, mangosteen may increase the risk of bleeding in people who have blood disorders or are on blood thinners. Those who are scheduled for surgery are recommended to stop taking mangosteen at least 2 weeks before the procedure.