Looking at this unique temple, it is hard to imagine how it all managed to build! Scientists estimate that it took at least 150 years.
Ellora Indian village became famous throughout the world for its high-rise complex of cave temples. The most spectacular and incredible of all is the Ellora cave structures Kailash – the world’s largest monolithic structure, carved into the rock.
In Ellora today you can find the ancient Hindu sanctuary (17 caves in the center), Buddhist (12 caves) and Jain (5 caves to the north). Hindu temples and shrines – the oldest of them.
Jainism originated from Hinduism and it is also older than Buddhism. Jaina first adopted the Hindu architectural method for constructing temples as symbolic mountains.
Who carved the cave temples – is unknown. Maybe it was not the Jains with the Indians, and the main caves of Ellora were created in ancient times. Recently it was discovered that the original temple was completely covered with white plaster.
This unique temple was built a half-century, and it is very impressive!
It is not known anybody, but we can say for certain that the divinity attracted Jains and Buddhists. That is why, when their religion originated from Hinduism, they have begun to attach great importance to religious symbols and figures. This is clearly seen in the temple of Kailash, which is completely covered with very complex carvings. What is particularly interesting, is still almost nothing is known about the origin and the creators of the temple of Kailash. The researchers did not find any dates and even the slightest trace of the design specification.
Some experts argue that it was carved in the rock for hundreds of years, while others argue that the church has fulfilled a thousand years, it just changes were made to Buddhist and Jain monks. The inscriptions on the walls of a very old and almost collapsed because of the time. Today, they read and decode virtually impossible. According to local residents, the enormity of the temple passes infinity of the universe, and he was blessed by Hindu sages and gurus.
Kailash was so unshakable that even several attempts to break the invaders Padishah Aurangzeb temple columns and desecrate “the divine structure” only led to further destruction of the Mughals. only minor damage to the sculptures of elephants has been applied. Kailash Temple was not actually built – the entire structure was carved from one giant piece of rock, and the rock massif in the construction of the temple from top to bottom trim, without the use of scaffolding.
Unique temple measuring 55 × 36 meters (total area of 1980 m²) is situated in the center of the courtyard carved into the rock size 58 × 51 meters and extending into rock 33 meters. The lower part of the temple is a pedestal height of 8 meters, which are 3-meter high statues of elephants and lions. Also, Kailash temple is notable for the fact that it is literally covered with very sophisticated stone carvings. Remarkably, the size of the rock temple twice (and a half times higher) of the famous Parthenon in Athens.
It has been estimated that for its construction was required to extract 200,000 tons of rock. Scientists theorize that it took 7000 workers and 150 years to complete the project. It is worth noting that all the 34 caves of Ellora – not of natural origin, they were carved by Indians manually from a monolithic rock. Although, as mentioned above, no one knows exactly when the cave system was created, generally accepted that it has been created between the fifth and tenth centuries AD. However, so far it is not clear how it was done, because at that time there was no technology that allowed it.
Hypothetically, if such a temple were built today, it would take at least 10 of the largest 10-ton tunneling machines JCB. And if they are in perfect conditions excavated 1,000 tons of rock each, one extraction process of the rock would take about 200 days of continuous operation. The accuracy of which it would be possible to make such a stone processing, unattainable even with modern technologies. Thus, it would require manual labor to literally centimeter cut temple, so the time to create such a temple from scratch even hard to imagine.
A further mystery Kailash temple attaches mysterious narrow openings, which are ubiquitous in the temple at 1 meter from the floor, or even lower. If it is done by people, you do not understand the question 3: What are these holes, why they did so low and how of doing (after all, they are very narrow and remarkably smooth edges). Repetition of such a feat, even with the use of modern technology is almost impossible, but the ancient Hindu sages were able to do a miracle through his spiritual powers, tenacity, and devotion to their faith.